The Golden ratio, also known as phi, is an ancient mathematical ratio dating back to times of Ancient Greece. For an object to fit the standards of the golden ratio the smaller measurement and the large one must be equal to the ratio between the larger measurement and the sum of the two measurements added together. In a nutshell, the Golden ratio uses symmetry to determine the beauty of something and is present in many things around us created by nature, from pinecones, fingerprints and sunflowers to DNA and hurricanes. In more recent years a term has been given to the golden ratio called ‘Phi’ and continues to appear in science and spirituality, giving us a deeper understanding of life and the universe we live in.
The Golden ratio has debatably existed in mathematics and the physical universe since the dawn of time, but the term divine proportion did not arrive in the 1500s when Leonardo Da Vinci famously provided illustrations for the book ‘De Divina Proportione’ – his later works such as the Mona Lisa and The Last Supper also showcased example of divine proportions to an extent. Other breath-taking works of art displaying similar characteristics include the Stonehenge, the Great Pyramid of Giza and the world-famous canvas, The Sacrament of the Last Supper.
In 2001, Dr Stephen R Marquardt, an American surgeon, made an attempt to analyse the mathematics of the perfect facial beauty which eventually lead to the creation of his patented Phi mask. Using mathematics and a database packed full of ‘attractive’ faces, Marquardt was able to present facial perfection using a computer-generated mask. When the prototype was fit onto typically beautiful faces likes Marilyn Monroe and Angelina Jolie, it proved that facial perfection Is not just about symmetry, but geometric planes and proportion too.
A 2009 university study made history in the world of aesthetics when test participants were asked to identify what they deemed as beautiful, from a selection of computer-generated faces. Interestingly, the selected faces that were chosen coincidence with the same Golden ratio. The test participants had no physics or mathematical expertise and yet the majority chose the same faces when choosing the most beautiful, proving a direct relation between beauty and the contour of our face, eyes, mouth and nose and how it contributes to our perception of beauty overall. The study was famously summarised with the headline that ‘beauty is not only in the eye of the beholder but also in the relationship of the eyes and mouth of the beholden.’
Photos courtesy of University of Colorado
The Golden ratio is used in injectable treatment more often than one might think. A client may desire bigger lips or higher cheekbones, but it doesn’t matter if it doesn’t balance with existing features. When some cases of injectable treatment look notably unnatural it is often from not following the golden rule of divine proportion. Whilst being an artist doesn’t necessarily concern the ability of being a good injector, it most certainly helps when using filler to sculpt the perfect face.
Do you want to find out if you have the perfect face? Mobile apps such as Face Reading – Golden Ratio face and Anaface are a fun way to find out what your facial ratios are!
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